Millions of people round the globe suffer from this deadly disease. This article offers some information about pre-diabetes, the types of diabetes, and dieting.
Pre-diabetes is a condition when the blood glucose level remains high but not high enough to be treated as type 2 diabetes. Millions of people all over the globe are having pre-diabetes and most of the time it remains untreated and finally turns into type 2 diabetes.
There are type1 and type2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
It is generally called the insulin-dependent diabetes. It generally attacks before the age of 20. In this case the pancreas produces no insulin at all. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, gradual weight loss, vomiting and fatigue.
Type 2 diabetes
It is generally called diabetes that is non-insulin dependent and is characterized by insulin resistance. In other words, the cells do not use the insulin properly. Type 2 diabetes generally attacks after the age of 40. Sedentary habit and obesity are the major factors of this type of diabetes.
Symptoms include sudden weight gain, cramp in the legs, numbness of feet, drowsiness, infections in the genital organs, skin infections, sores and ulcers that can not be cured. If you experience one of such symptoms never make delay to visit the doctor.
First of all you have to lose weight if you are obese. A balanced diet chart is very important. Diets differ according to your body weight, height, age, sex and daily activity. If you are suffering from hypertension or cholesterol problem it will be very difficult for the dietitian to prepare a proper diet chart.
Heavy meals should be substituted by 4-5 small meals a day, which helps the digestive process.
People with diabetes should drink plenty of water. Also, they should keep in mind that there are some things that can naturally help in lowering the blood sugar levels in their body: fenugreek, flaxseed, bitter gourd, garlic. Green fresh vegetables should be taken in enough quantity. Green vegetables are rich with fiber, hence they make the body strong. Include bell peppers, tomatoes, celery, and onion in your diabetes diet chart.
Carbohydrates are mainly responsible for providing energy to our body. But most of the carbohydrates contain glucose in a higher quantity. So you have to limit the consumption of carbohydrate at the very beginning. A proper diabetes diet chart must contain the food supplements that give us enough energy and at the same time do not increase out body glucose level.
To sum up, people with pre-diabetes can avoid getting diabetes, or if they are already diagnosed with the disease, they should follow their doctor’s advice, especially as regards the food they can consume.