You, like many people may underestimate how much the drinks and food you consume have effect effect on your teeth. No worries, though, a general oral hygiene will be sufficient to keep your gums and teeth healty and strong. On the other hand, if you dont take the neccesary care for your teeth, you may be subject to dental problems, such as gum disease and tooth decay.
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum tissue, or gingiva, that surrounds the teeth. If left unchecked, gingivitis can mature into the more destructive form of gum disease, periodontitis, in which actual bone loss around the teeth occurs.
Bleeding is the cardinal sign of gingivitis; gums become red and swollen. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth can also be a warning that gingivitis is present.
Gingivitis is caused by a number of factors, including plaque, tartar, diabetes, hormonal changes, etc.
As in most aspects of good oral health, the most important, cost-effective, and time saving way to avoid gingivitis is with daily flossing, brushing after eating, drinking a lot of water, and dental visits every six months.
The single most significant adverse outcome of gingivitis is it can progress into Periodontitis. Moreover, this secondary disease is not reversible like gingivitis.
Periodontitis is an advanced stage of disease, following the non-treating of gingivitis. Periodontitis is characterised by the formation of “pockets”, as a result of the gums, pulling apart from the teeth. As the plaque spreads and accumulates bellow the gum line, the body’s immune system tries to fight the bacteria. As a result from the interaction between the body’s defense system and the bacterial toxins, the body structure that holds the teeth in place starts to disintegrate.
Prevention and treatment
The best treatment for gingivitis is prevention. If the tooth surface is clean and clear of plaque, the gum tissue will remain healthy. The tooth surface will remain clean if brushed after every meal and if the teeth are flossed daily. In conjunction with oral home care, a cleaning by a dental professional every six months will help ensure that all areas of the teeth remain tartar free. If gingivitis is present, a visit for a professional cleaning will clear up the inflammation.
How periodontitus is treated? According to the extent of the gum disease, there are various types of treatment and a n umber of manipulations, that have to be performed. Every one of the treatment includes the daily care of the teeth from the patient. You can additionally increase your chances of your treatment’s outcome by reducing hazardous behaviour, such as drinking alcohol, smoking ciggaretes, etc.
To sum up, oral hygiene and regular dental checkups are extremely important for our dental health, since they can prevent dental problems or their worsening, if we already have them.